Preparation is the key to surviving even the most disastrous events such as floods. If you happen to be living in a low-lying area, you should take steps to prepare yourself and your whole family in case of floods. Here are steps and tips on How to plan for a flood:
1. Constant monitoring of the weather – As most floods are triggered by heavy rains, always be on the alert for weather broadcasts on rains and rain carrying typhoons and hurricanes. Most flood prone areas have watch teams that closely monitor the weather activities. They also issue updates and alerts as necessary.
2. Create a Flood Plan – Have an emergency plan in case of floods. The plan should include evacuation location, means and routes, designation of specific tasks to each family member, open communication lines and a complete emergency kit.
3. Secure You Home – Floods will certainly invade your home. Make plans as to how you can keep valuables and water destructible items safe. You can start by proper placements of furniture and home appliances. If your house is frequented by flooding or lies in a flood prone area, you can start by placing most of your valuables in the upper floors of the house. Secure all garden or outdoor implements to keep them from being washed away. These small steps may not prevent the flood, but you can minimize its damage to you.
4. Special Preparation for Houses near Waterways and Reservoir – There are special steps on how to prepare for a flood for areas that are either near waterways like rivers and falls or water reservoirs like dams and lakes. These areas are prone to flash floods, thus a more comprehensive disaster preparedness plan should be in place. Contact your local authorities for planning assistance, disaster training, instructions and preparedness.
5. Open Communication – Keeping abreast with the latest updates and bulletins can help you secure your family’s safety. As bad weather will likely keep us inside the house, follow updates on your radio, TV or on the internet. It is also important that you have the means to get in touch with other people at all times during the disaster.
6. Emergency Flood Kit – This is your emergency supply kit in cases where you will be trapped inside your house or would need to hastily evacuate. Your emergency kit should contain food, drinking water, medications and a first aid kit, warm clothes, blankets, flashlights, candles, matches, lighter, radio with extra set of batteries, cash as ATMs might not work, whistles, rope and baby or pet essentials as needed. You should also prepare waterproof bags for important documents.
7. Wall-up – Learn how to sandbag the perimeter of your property. This is a very effective way to keep flood waters out of your house during minor floods.
Taking all the steps on how to prepare for a flood is enough to help minimize the disastrous effects of the flood whenever it strikes. It is important that everyone stay calm and alert before, during and after the disaster.